The Etiquette of Walking to Prayer

By Shaykhul Islaam Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab -rahimahullaah-
An excellent reminder concerning the way in which one must walk to the place of Prayer.

One should commence to leave for it by being purified with humility [1] and submissiveness because of the statement of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) “If one of you makes ablution, then he should perfect his ablution. Then he should not interlace his fingers for verily he is in prayer.”[2] When he leaves his house, even if it is for other than the prayer, he should say:

Bismillaah
[With the name of Allaah.]

Aamantu billaah
[I believe in Allaah.]

Tawakaltu ‘alaa Allaah
[I place my trust upon Allaah.]

Wa laa hawla
[And there is no might.]

Wa laa qoowwata
[And no power]

Illaa billaah
[Except with Allaah.] [3]

Allaahumma innee A’oodhu bika
[O Allaah verily I seek refuge with You]

An Adhillah aw udhAllaah
[lest I should be misguided or led astray]

Aw azzillah aw uzzAllaah
[or lapse or be mistaken]

Aw adhlimah aw udhlamah
[or oppress or be oppressed]

Aw ajhalah aw yujhala ‘alayyah
[or be ignaorant or be treated ignorantly.] [4]

He should walk to it with calmness and dignity because of the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “If you hear the call for establishment of prayer, then walk to it with calmness. So whatever you catch of it, then pray it, and whatever you miss of it, then make it up.”[5]

He should shorten the distance between his steps and he should say: ‘O Allaah, I ask you by the right of those who ask, and by the right of this path, because I did not leave in wickedness, and neither in ungratefulness, and neither in arrogance, and not for the sake of gaining a reputation. I left in fear of your displeasure, and in desire of your pleasure. I ask you to rescue me from the Fire and to forgive me of all my sins. Verily no one can forgive except you.'[6] He should also say:

Allaah humma aj’al fee qalbee nooran.
[O Allaah place light in my heart.]

Wa fee lisaanee nooran.
[And light in my tongue.]

Wa aj’al fee sam’ee nooran.
[And place light in my ears.]

Wa aj’al fee basaree nooran.
[And place light in my eyes.]

Wa aj’al fee khalfee nooran.
[And place light behind me.]

Wa min amaamee nooran.
[And light in front of me.]

Wa aj’al min fawqee nooran.
[And place light above me.]

Wa min tahtee nooran.
And light behind me.]

Allaah humma a’atinee nooran.
[O Allaah, give me light.] [7]

So when he enters the mosque, it is recommended for him to begin with his right foot, and to say:

Bismillaah.
[With the Name of Allaah.]

A’oodhubillaahil Adheem.
[I seek refuge with Allaah.]

Wa bi wajhihil kareem.
[And with His Noble Face.]

Wa sultaanihil qadeem.
[And His eternal Authority.]

minash shaytaanir rajeem.
[From Shaytaan, the accursed.][8]

Bismillaah.
[With the Name of Allaah.]

Wa salaatu was salaamu ‘alaa rasoolihi.
[And may His Prayers [9] and Peace be upon His Messenger.][10]

Allaah humma aftihlee abwaaba rahmatika.
[O Allaah, open the doors of your Mercy for me.][11]

When he leaves, he should begin with his left foot and say:

Allaah humma aftihlee abwaaba fadhluka
[O Allaah open the doors of Your Virtue for me.][12]

When he enters the mosque, then do not let him sit until he has prayed two units of prayer, because of the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “If one of you enters the mosque, then do not let him sit until he has prayed two units of prayer.”[13]

He should then become involved in the remembrance of Allaah or be quiet, and not rush to speak about worldly matters. So whoever stays like that, then he is in prayer and the angels ask forgiveness for him – as long as he does not become troublesome or talk.

Footnotes:

[1] This is a translation of (p. 5-9) of the book Aadaab Mashee illas Salaah by Imaam Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhaab.
[2] Translators Note: What is expressed here is the combined meaning of various authentic hadeeths. From them are the following:

Translators Note: What is expressed here is the combined meaning of various authentic hadeeths. From them are the following:
A. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If one of you makes ablution for prayer, then do not let him interlace between his fingers.”

[Reported by Abu Hurayrah. Related by Tabaraanee in al-Awsat, and as-Sagheer. It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehut Targheeb (no. 293), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 446).]

B. The Prophet(sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If one of you makes ablution, then he should perfect his ablution. Then he should leave intentionally for the mosque, and he should not interlace his hands for verily he is in prayer.”

[Reported by Ka’ab Ibn ‘Ujrah. Related by Ahmad, Abu Daawood, and Tirmidthee. It was authenticated by Shaykh al- Albaanee, see: al Mishkaatul Masaabeeh (no. 994), Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood (no. 571), Irwaa’ul Ghaleel (no. 379), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 4422).]

C. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If one of you were to perform ablution in his house, then proceed to the mosque, he would be in prayer until he returned. So do not let him speak in such a manner, nor interlace his fingers.”

[Reported by Abu Hurayrah. Related by al-Haakim who also authenticated it. See: al-Mishkaatul Masaabeeh (no. 994), Saheehut Targheeb (no. 292), Silsilatul Ahaadeethus Saheehah (no. 1294), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 445).]

The basic hadeeth along with it’s various additions can be seen in Ahmad, Abu Daawood, and Ibn Maajah, see: Silsilatul Ahaadeethis Saheehah (no. 1294). And Allaah knows best.

[3] Translators Note: Abu Daawood (4/325), Tirmidthee (5/490). See Saheeh Sunanut Tirmidthee (3/151). This is an authentically reported supplication.
[4] Translators Note: Reported by Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See: Saheeh Sunanut Tirmidthee (3/151), and Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (2/336). [5]

Translators Note: Reported by Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See: Saheeh Sunanut Tirmidthee (3/151), and Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (2/336). [5] This is an agreed upon hadeeth.
[6] His statement, “I ask you by the right of those who ask…” – indeed it was mentioned in a hadeeth, but Taqiyyud Deen Ibn Taymiyyah was not fully convinced of it’s authenticity. Besides that, he also mentioned that in it’s chain of narrators is ‘Atiyyah al-‘Awfee, and he is a Shee’ee mudallis, so its mentioning cannot be relied upon. In the case that it may be authentic, then the scholars have explained that the right of those who ask is the answer, and the right of the path is reward, and similar to that. So the answer is for the supplication, and the reward is for righteous actions, and it is with Allaah the Exalted. So as for the question of asking Allaah from one of his creation, then this is prohibited, and impermissible. [7]

His statement, “I ask you by the right of those who ask…” – indeed it was mentioned in a hadeeth, but Taqiyyud Deen Ibn Taymiyyah was not fully convinced of it’s authenticity. Besides that, he also mentioned that in it’s chain of narrators is ‘Atiyyah al-‘Awfee, and he is a Shee’ee mudallis, so its mentioning cannot be relied upon. In the case that it may be authentic, then the scholars have explained that the right of those who ask is the answer, and the right of the path is reward, and similar to that. So the answer is for the supplication, and the reward is for righteous actions, and it is with Allaah the Exalted. So as for the question of asking Allaah from one of his creation, then this is prohibited, and impermissible. [7] Translators Note: Reported in Fathul Baaree (11/116), and Muslim (1/530).
[8] Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood, see Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 459). [9]

Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood, see Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 459). [9] Translators Note: Reported by Ibnus Sunnee (no. 88). Shaykh al-Albaanee has declared it good.
[10] Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood 1/126. See Saheehul Jaami’ (1/528). [11]

Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood 1/126. See Saheehul Jaami’ (1/528). [11] Translators Note: Muslim (1/494). [12] Translators Note: Reported in Ibn Maajah, see Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/129).
[13] Translators Note: Reported by Qataadah, and Abee Hurayrah. Related by Ahmad, Bukhaaree, Muslim, Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See, ar-Rawdhah (no. 1008), Irwaa’ul Ghaleel (no. 467), Riyaadhus Saaliheen (no. 1151), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 513).

Translators Note: Reported by Qataadah, and Abee Hurayrah. Related by Ahmad, Bukhaaree, Muslim, Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See, ar-Rawdhah (no. 1008), Irwaa’ul Ghaleel (no. 467), Riyaadhus Saaliheen (no. 1151), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 513).

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