The Etiquette of Walking to Prayer

By Shaykhul Islaam Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab -rahimahullaah-
An excellent reminder concerning the way in which one must walk to the place of Prayer.

One should commence to leave for it by being purified with humility [1] and submissiveness because of the statement of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) “If one of you makes ablution, then he should perfect his ablution. Then he should not interlace his fingers for verily he is in prayer.”[2] When he leaves his house, even if it is for other than the prayer, he should say:

Bismillaah
[With the name of Allaah.]

Aamantu billaah
[I believe in Allaah.]

Tawakaltu ‘alaa Allaah
[I place my trust upon Allaah.]

Wa laa hawla
[And there is no might.]

Wa laa qoowwata
[And no power]

Illaa billaah
[Except with Allaah.] [3]

Allaahumma innee A’oodhu bika
[O Allaah verily I seek refuge with You]

An Adhillah aw udhAllaah
[lest I should be misguided or led astray]

Aw azzillah aw uzzAllaah
[or lapse or be mistaken]

Aw adhlimah aw udhlamah
[or oppress or be oppressed]

Aw ajhalah aw yujhala ‘alayyah
[or be ignaorant or be treated ignorantly.] [4]

He should walk to it with calmness and dignity because of the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “If you hear the call for establishment of prayer, then walk to it with calmness. So whatever you catch of it, then pray it, and whatever you miss of it, then make it up.”[5]

He should shorten the distance between his steps and he should say: ‘O Allaah, I ask you by the right of those who ask, and by the right of this path, because I did not leave in wickedness, and neither in ungratefulness, and neither in arrogance, and not for the sake of gaining a reputation. I left in fear of your displeasure, and in desire of your pleasure. I ask you to rescue me from the Fire and to forgive me of all my sins. Verily no one can forgive except you.'[6] He should also say:

Allaah humma aj’al fee qalbee nooran.
[O Allaah place light in my heart.]

Wa fee lisaanee nooran.
[And light in my tongue.]

Wa aj’al fee sam’ee nooran.
[And place light in my ears.]

Wa aj’al fee basaree nooran.
[And place light in my eyes.]

Wa aj’al fee khalfee nooran.
[And place light behind me.]

Wa min amaamee nooran.
[And light in front of me.]

Wa aj’al min fawqee nooran.
[And place light above me.]

Wa min tahtee nooran.
And light behind me.]

Allaah humma a’atinee nooran.
[O Allaah, give me light.] [7]

So when he enters the mosque, it is recommended for him to begin with his right foot, and to say:

Bismillaah.
[With the Name of Allaah.]

A’oodhubillaahil Adheem.
[I seek refuge with Allaah.]

Wa bi wajhihil kareem.
[And with His Noble Face.]

Wa sultaanihil qadeem.
[And His eternal Authority.]

minash shaytaanir rajeem.
[From Shaytaan, the accursed.][8]

Bismillaah.
[With the Name of Allaah.]

Wa salaatu was salaamu ‘alaa rasoolihi.
[And may His Prayers [9] and Peace be upon His Messenger.][10]

Allaah humma aftihlee abwaaba rahmatika.
[O Allaah, open the doors of your Mercy for me.][11]

When he leaves, he should begin with his left foot and say:

Allaah humma aftihlee abwaaba fadhluka
[O Allaah open the doors of Your Virtue for me.][12]

When he enters the mosque, then do not let him sit until he has prayed two units of prayer, because of the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “If one of you enters the mosque, then do not let him sit until he has prayed two units of prayer.”[13]

He should then become involved in the remembrance of Allaah or be quiet, and not rush to speak about worldly matters. So whoever stays like that, then he is in prayer and the angels ask forgiveness for him – as long as he does not become troublesome or talk.

Footnotes:

[1] This is a translation of (p. 5-9) of the book Aadaab Mashee illas Salaah by Imaam Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul Wahhaab.
[2] Translators Note: What is expressed here is the combined meaning of various authentic hadeeths. From them are the following:

Translators Note: What is expressed here is the combined meaning of various authentic hadeeths. From them are the following:
A. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If one of you makes ablution for prayer, then do not let him interlace between his fingers.”

[Reported by Abu Hurayrah. Related by Tabaraanee in al-Awsat, and as-Sagheer. It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehut Targheeb (no. 293), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 446).]

B. The Prophet(sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If one of you makes ablution, then he should perfect his ablution. Then he should leave intentionally for the mosque, and he should not interlace his hands for verily he is in prayer.”

[Reported by Ka’ab Ibn ‘Ujrah. Related by Ahmad, Abu Daawood, and Tirmidthee. It was authenticated by Shaykh al- Albaanee, see: al Mishkaatul Masaabeeh (no. 994), Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood (no. 571), Irwaa’ul Ghaleel (no. 379), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 4422).]

C. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If one of you were to perform ablution in his house, then proceed to the mosque, he would be in prayer until he returned. So do not let him speak in such a manner, nor interlace his fingers.”

[Reported by Abu Hurayrah. Related by al-Haakim who also authenticated it. See: al-Mishkaatul Masaabeeh (no. 994), Saheehut Targheeb (no. 292), Silsilatul Ahaadeethus Saheehah (no. 1294), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 445).]

The basic hadeeth along with it’s various additions can be seen in Ahmad, Abu Daawood, and Ibn Maajah, see: Silsilatul Ahaadeethis Saheehah (no. 1294). And Allaah knows best.

[3] Translators Note: Abu Daawood (4/325), Tirmidthee (5/490). See Saheeh Sunanut Tirmidthee (3/151). This is an authentically reported supplication.
[4] Translators Note: Reported by Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See: Saheeh Sunanut Tirmidthee (3/151), and Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (2/336). [5]

Translators Note: Reported by Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See: Saheeh Sunanut Tirmidthee (3/151), and Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (2/336). [5] This is an agreed upon hadeeth.
[6] His statement, “I ask you by the right of those who ask…” – indeed it was mentioned in a hadeeth, but Taqiyyud Deen Ibn Taymiyyah was not fully convinced of it’s authenticity. Besides that, he also mentioned that in it’s chain of narrators is ‘Atiyyah al-‘Awfee, and he is a Shee’ee mudallis, so its mentioning cannot be relied upon. In the case that it may be authentic, then the scholars have explained that the right of those who ask is the answer, and the right of the path is reward, and similar to that. So the answer is for the supplication, and the reward is for righteous actions, and it is with Allaah the Exalted. So as for the question of asking Allaah from one of his creation, then this is prohibited, and impermissible. [7]

His statement, “I ask you by the right of those who ask…” – indeed it was mentioned in a hadeeth, but Taqiyyud Deen Ibn Taymiyyah was not fully convinced of it’s authenticity. Besides that, he also mentioned that in it’s chain of narrators is ‘Atiyyah al-‘Awfee, and he is a Shee’ee mudallis, so its mentioning cannot be relied upon. In the case that it may be authentic, then the scholars have explained that the right of those who ask is the answer, and the right of the path is reward, and similar to that. So the answer is for the supplication, and the reward is for righteous actions, and it is with Allaah the Exalted. So as for the question of asking Allaah from one of his creation, then this is prohibited, and impermissible. [7] Translators Note: Reported in Fathul Baaree (11/116), and Muslim (1/530).
[8] Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood, see Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 459). [9]

Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood, see Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 459). [9] Translators Note: Reported by Ibnus Sunnee (no. 88). Shaykh al-Albaanee has declared it good.
[10] Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood 1/126. See Saheehul Jaami’ (1/528). [11]

Translators Note: Reported in Abu Daawood 1/126. See Saheehul Jaami’ (1/528). [11] Translators Note: Muslim (1/494). [12] Translators Note: Reported in Ibn Maajah, see Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/129).
[13] Translators Note: Reported by Qataadah, and Abee Hurayrah. Related by Ahmad, Bukhaaree, Muslim, Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See, ar-Rawdhah (no. 1008), Irwaa’ul Ghaleel (no. 467), Riyaadhus Saaliheen (no. 1151), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 513).

Translators Note: Reported by Qataadah, and Abee Hurayrah. Related by Ahmad, Bukhaaree, Muslim, Abu Daawood, Tirmidthee, Ibn Maajah, and Nisaa`ee. See, ar-Rawdhah (no. 1008), Irwaa’ul Ghaleel (no. 467), Riyaadhus Saaliheen (no. 1151), and Saheehul Jaami’ (no. 513).

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The Virtues of the Masjids, the Correct Etiquette, and the Virtues of Those who take care of them

[فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَن تُرْفَعَ وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ فِيهَا بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالاٌّصَالِ – رِجَالٌ لاَّ تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَـرَةٌ وَلاَ بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَوةِ وَإِيتَآءِ الزَّكَـوةِ يَخَـفُونَ يَوْماً تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ الْقُلُوبُ وَالاٌّبْصَـرُ – لِيَجْزِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنَ مَا عَمِلُواْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ وَاللَّهُ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ ]

(36. In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised, in them His Name is remembered. Therein glorify Him in the mornings and in the evenings,)

(37. Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah nor from performing the Salah nor from giving the Zakah. They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned.)

(38. That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add even more for them out of His grace. And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills.)

Having likened the heart of the believer and what it contains of guidance and knowledge to a lamp lit with good oil shining in a clear glass, Allah then states where it belongs, which is in the Masjids, the places on earth that are most beloved to Allah. The Masjids are His houses where He Alone is worshipped. So Allah says:

[فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَن تُرْفَعَ]

(In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised,) meaning, Allah has commanded that they be established and that they be kept clean of any filth, idle talk or words or deeds that are inappropriate. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas concerning this Ayah:

[فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَن تُرْفَعَ]

(In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised,) he said; “Allah forbade idle talk in them.” This was also the view of `Ikrimah, Abu Salih, Ad-Dahhak, Nafi` bin Jubayr, Abu Bakr bin Sulayman bin Abi Hathamah, Sufyan bin Husayn and others among the scholars of Tafsir. Many Hadiths have been narrated concerning the construction of Masjids, honoring them, respecting them, and perfuming them with incense etc. This has been discussed in more detail elsewhere, and I have written a book dealing with this topic on its own, praise and blessings be to Allah. With Allah’s help we will mention here a few of these Hadiths, if Allah wills. In Allah we put our trust and reliance. `Uthman bin `Affan, the Commander of the faithful, may Allah be pleased with him, said; “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:

«مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا يَبْتَغِي بِهِ وَجْهَ اللهِ بَنَى اللهُ لَهُ مِثْلَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ»

(Whoever builds a Masjid seeking the Face of Allah, Allah will build for him something similar to it in Paradise.) It was narrated in the Two Sahihs. Ibn Majah narrated that `Umar bin Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said; “The Messenger of Allah said:

«مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا يُذْكَرُ فِيهِ اسْمُ اللهِ بَنَى اللهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ»

(Whoever builds a Masjid in which the Name of Allah is remembered, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise.) An-Nasa’i mentioned something similar. There are very many Hadiths which say this. `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said: “The Messenger of Allah commanded us to build Masjids among the houses, and to clean them and perfume them.” This was recorded by Ahmad and the Sunan compilers with the exception of An-Nasa’i. Ahmad and Abu Dawud recorded a similar report from Samurah bin Jundub.Al-Bukhari said: “`Umar said: `Build for the people a place to worship Allah, and beware of using red or yellow for adornment and decoration and distracting the people thereby.”’ Abu Dawud narrated that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

«مَا أُمِرْتُ بِتَشْيِيدِ الْمَسَاجِدِ»

(I was not commanded to Tashyid the Masjids.) Ibn `Abbas said, “Decorating them as the Jews and Christians did.” Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

«لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَتَبَاهَى النَّاسُ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ»

(The Hour will not come until people show off in building Masjids.) It was recorded by Ahmad and the compilers of the Sunan, with the exception of At-Tirmidhi.Buraydah narrated that a man called out in the Masjid and said, “Has any body said anything about a red camel” The Prophet said:

«لَا، وَجَدْتَ، إِنَّمَا بُنِيَتِ الْمَسَاجِدُ لِمَا بُنِيَتْ لَهُ»

(May you never find it! The Masjids were built only for what they were built for.) This was narrated by Muslim. Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:

«إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مَنْ يَبِيعُ أَوْ يَبْتَاعُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ، فَقُولُوا: لَا أَرْبَحَ اللهُ تِجَارَتَكَ، وَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مَنْ يَنْشُدُ ضَالَّةً فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَقُولُوا: لَا رَدَّهَا اللهُ عَلَيْكَ»

(If you see someone buying or selling in the Masjid, say to him, “May Allah never make your business profitable!” And if you see someone calling out about lost property, say, “May Allah never return it to you!”) This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who said: “Hasan Gharib.” Al-Bukhari recorded that As-Sa’ib bin Yazid Al-Kindi said, “I was standing in the Masjid and a man threw pebbles at me, so I looked and saw `Umar bin Al-Khattab who said, `Go and bring me these two men.’ I went and brought them to him, and he said, `Who are you’ Or, `Where do you come from’ They said, `We are from At-Ta’if.’ `Umar said, `If you had been from this town I would have hit you, for you are raising your voices in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah .”’ An-Nasa’i recorded that Ibrahim bin `Abdur-Rahman bin `Awf said: “`Umar heard the voice of a man in the Masjid and said: `Do you know where you are”’ This is also Sahih. Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la Al-Musili recorded from Ibn `Umar that `Umar used to burn incense in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah every Friday. Its chain of narration is Hasan and there is nothing wrong with it, Allah knows best. It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said:

«صَلَاةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ تُضَعَّفُ عَلَى صَلَاتِهِ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَفِي سُوقِهِ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ ضِعْفًاوَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ إَذَا تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ لَا يُخْرِجُهُ إِلَّا الصَّلَاةُ لَمْ يَخْطُ خَطْوَةً إِلَّا رُفِعَ لَهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةٌ وَحُطَّ عَنْهُ بِهَا خَطِيئَةٌ. فَإِذَا صَلَّى لَمْ تَزَلِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ تُصَلِّي عَلَيْهِ مَا دَامَ فِي مُصَلَّاهُ: اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ، اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْهُ. وَلَا يَزَالُ فِي صَلَاةٍ مَا انْتَظَرَ الصَّلَاةَ»

(A man’s prayer in congregation is twenty-five times better than his prayer in his house or the marketplace. That is because if he performs Wudu’ and does it well, then he goes out to go to the Masjid, and for no other purpose than to pray, he does not take one step but he increases in one level in status and one sin is removed. When he prays, the angels continue sending blessings on him as long as he is in the place where he prays, [they say], “O Allah, send blessings on him, O Allah, have mercy on him.” And he will remain in a state of prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer.) The following is recorded in the Sunan:

«بَشِّرِ الْمَشَّائِينَ إِلَى الْمَسَاجِدِ فِي الظُّلَمِ بِالنُّورِ التَّامِّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ»

(Those who walk to the Masjids when it is dark, give them the glad tidings of complete Light on the Day of Resurrection.) When entering the Masjid, it is recommended to enter with one’s right foot, and to say the supplication recorded in Sahih Al-Bukhari, where it is narrated from `Abdullah bin `Amr that the Messenger of Allah used to say, when he entered the Masjid:

«أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ، مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ»

(I seek refuge with Allah Almighty and with His Noble Face, and with His Eternal Domain, from the accursed Shaytan.) [He (one of the narrators) asked, `Is that all’ He answered, `Yes’]. If he says this, the Shaytan says: “He will be protected from me all day long.” Muslim recorded that Abu Humayd or Abu Usayd said: The Messenger of Allah said:

«إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيَقُلْ: اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ.وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيَقُلْ: اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ»

(When anyone of you enters the Masjid, let him say: “O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me. And when he comes out, let him say: “O Allah, I ask You of Your bounty.”) An-Nasa’i also recorded this from them from the Prophet . Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said: The Messenger of Allah said:

«إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ. وَلْيَقُلِ: اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ، وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَلْيَقُلِ: اللَّهُمَّ اعْصِمْنِي مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ»

(When anyone of you enters the Masjid, let him invoke blessings on the Prophet then let him say: “O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me.” When he comes out, let him invoke blessings on the Prophet and say, “O Allah, protect me from the accursed Shaytan.”) This was also recorded by Ibn Majah, as well as Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibban in their Sahihs.

[وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ]

(in them His Name is remembered.) meaning, the Name of Allah. This is like the Ayat:

[يَـبَنِى ءَادَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ]

(O Children of Adam! Take your adornment to every Masjid…) [7:31]

[وَأَقِيمُواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَادْعُوهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ]

(and you should face (Him only) in each and every Masjid, and invoke Him only making your religion sincere to Him) [7:29].

[وَأَنَّ الْمَسَـجِدَ لِلَّهِ]

(And the Masjids are for Allah) [72:18].

[وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ]

(in them His Name is remembered.) Ibn `Abbas said, “This means that His Book is recited therein.”

[يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ فِيهَا بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالاٌّصَالِ]

(Therein glorify Him in the mornings and in the evenings.)

[رِجَالٌ لاَّ تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَـرَةٌ وَلاَ بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ]

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah) This is like the Ayat:

[يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تُلْهِكُمْ أَمْوَلُكُمْ وَلاَ أَوْلَـدُكُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ]

(O you who believe! Let not your properties or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah.) [63:9]

[يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ إِذَا نُودِىَ لِلصَّلَوةِ مِن يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْاْ إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُواْ الْبَيْعَ]

(O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the Salah on Friday, hasten earnestly to the remembrance of Allah and leave off business.) [62:9] Allah says that this world and its adornments, attractions and marketplaces should not distract them from remembering their Lord Who created them and sustains them, those who know that what is with Him is better for them than what they themselves possess, because what they have is transient but that which is with Allah is eternal. Allah says:

[لاَّ تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَـرَةٌ وَلاَ بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَوةِ وَإِيتَآءِ الزَّكَـوةِ]

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah nor from performing the Salah nor from giving the Zakah). meaning, they give priority to obeying Allah and doing what He wants and what pleases Him over doing what they want and what pleases them. It was reported from Salim from `Abdullah bin `Umar that he was in the marketplace when the Iqamah for prayer was called, so they closed their stores and entered the Masjid. Ibn `Umar said: “Concerning them the Ayah was revealed:

[رِجَالٌ لاَّ تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَـرَةٌ وَلاَ بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ]

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah).” This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir.

[لاَّ تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَـرَةٌ وَلاَ بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ]

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah). `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “This meant from the prescribed prayers.” This was also the view of Muqatil bin Hayyan and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas. As-Suddi said: “From prayer in congregation.” Muqatil bin Hayyan said, “That does not distract them from attending the prayer and establishing it as Allah commanded them, and from doing the prayers at the prescribed times and doing all that Allah has enjoined upon them in the prayer.”

[يَخَـفُونَ يَوْماً تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ الْقُلُوبُ وَالاٌّبْصَـرُ]

(They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned.) means, the Day of Resurrection when people’s hearts and eyes will be overturned, because of the intensity of the fear and terror of that Day. This is like the Ayah:

[وَأَنذِرْهُمْ يَوْمَ الاٌّزِفَةِ]

(And warn them of the Day that is drawing near…) [40:18],

[إِنَّمَا يُؤَخِّرُهُمْ لِيَوْمٍ تَشْخَصُ فِيهِ الأَبْصَـرُ]

(but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror) [14:42].

[وَيُطْعِمُونَ الطَّعَامَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ مِسْكِيناً وَيَتِيماً وَأَسِيراً – إِنَّمَا نُطْعِمُكُمْ لِوَجْهِ اللَّهِ لاَ نُرِيدُ مِنكُمْ جَزَآءً وَلاَ شُكُوراً – إِنَّا نَخَافُ مِن رَّبِّنَا يَوْماً عَبُوساً قَمْطَرِيراً – فَوَقَـهُمُ اللَّهُ شَرَّ ذَلِكَ الْيَومِ وَلَقَّـهُمْ نَضْرَةً وَسُرُوراً – وَجَزَاهُمْ بِمَا صَبَرُواْ جَنَّةً وَحَرِيراً ]

(And they give food, inspite of their love for it, to the poor, the orphan, and the captive, (saying:) “We feed you seeking Allah’s Face only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you. Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible.” So Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them a light of beauty and joy. And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient) [76:8-12]. And Allah says here:

[لِيَجْزِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنَ مَا عَمِلُواْ]

(That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds,) meaning, “They are those from whom We shall accept the best of their deeds and overlook their evil deeds.”

[وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ]

(and add even more for them out of His grace.) means, He will accept their good deeds and multiply them for them, as Allah says:

[إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ]

(Surely, Allah wrongs not even of the weight of a speck of dust.) [4:40]

[مَن جَآءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا]

(Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit.) [6:160]

[مَّن ذَا الَّذِى يُقْرِضُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا]

(Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan. ) [2:245]

[وَاللَّهُ يُضَـعِفُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ]

(Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills.) [2:261] And Allah says here:

[وَاللَّهُ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ]

(And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills.)

Tafsir Ibn kathir, Surah An Nur

Make Your Children Love the Masjid